Measurements & Conversions

Length and Distance


The United States uses the English system of weights and measures. The metric system is available, but is only very slowly being adopted. Check the table below for the more widely used standards.

US Lengths & Distance Measurements


Term
Abbreviation
Symbol
Equivalents
inch
in.
"
1"
foot
ft.
'
12" = 1'
yard
yd.
n/a
36' = 3' = 1 yd.
mile
mi.
n/a
5280' = 1 mi.

Length & Distance Conversion


US System
Metric System
1 in.
2.54 cm
1 yd.
91.44 cm
1 mi.
1.609 km

Cooking


Measurements for recipes in the US are in terms of volume rather than weight for dry, as well as liquid ingredients. The standards of measure such as "teaspoon" or "cup" refer to cooking utensils you can buy at any supermarket. The terms do not refer to the common household teaspoon or cup.

Abbreviations Used in Cookbooks


Unit of Measurement
Abbreviation
teaspoon
tsp. (or t)
tablespoon
tbs. (or T)
cup
C. (or c.)
ounce
oz.
pint
pt.
quart
qt.
pound
lb.

Liquid Measurements


Spoons & Cups
Liquid Ounces
1 tsp.
1/6 oz.
1 tbs.
1/2 oz.
6 2/3 tbs.
3 1/2 oz.
1 C. (16 tbs.)
8 oz.
2 C. (1 pt.)
16 oz. (1 lb.)
4 C. (1 qt.)
32 oz. (2 lbs.)
4 1/3 C.
2.2 lbs.

Volume Conversion for Ingredients


US System
Metric System
1 liquid qt.
0.95 liters
1.06 liquid qts.
1 liter
0.91 dry qts.
1 liter
1 dry qt.
1.1 liter